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Koryu Dai San (Goshin No Kata)

Koryu Dai San Goshin no kata performed by  Senseis Keith & Pam at the WSAF World Championships in 2017

Koryu-Dai-San comprises fifty (50) techniques and is considered to be one of the most important of the Koryu-No-Kata in the Tomiki Syllabus.

In this kata, techniques are not only executed from both kneeling and standing positions, but also against various weapons. For the first time within the Tomiki Syllabus and Koryu-no-Kata, the tanto, the bokken and the yari are introduced. As a result the student is introduced to varying combat distances, as well as variations in timing and different initative concepts and strategies. Throughout this kata, the concepts of go-no-sen, sen-no-sen, and sen-sen-no-sen are examined in detail for the first time.  Consequently, the Koryu-Dai-San provides a broad view of Tomiki Aikido as a whole, and clearly demonstrating it's relationship with Daitō-ryū Aiki-jūjutsu.

Theme Note:  This Kata is taught as a self-defense kata, and each technique should be demonstrated with precision and conviction from both tori and uke.

The Koryu-Dai-San is broken into the following General sections:-

A(Part 1). Suwari Waza (4) -  Tori & Uke kneeling
A(Part 2). Hanza Handachi (4) - Tori Kneeling, Uke standing
B. Tachi Waza (8) - Tori & Uke standing
C. Tanto Dori (8)  -  Uke wields a tanto (wooden training knife)
D. Tachi* Dori (5) - Uke wields bokken / bokuto (wooden training sword)
E. Yari Dori (5) - Uke wields a Jo (short wooden pole representing a Yari)
F. Yari no kumitsukareta (8) - Tori wields a Jo 
G. Kumi Tachi (8) - Tori & Uke wield bokken / bokuto

 

Demonstrated by Omori Sensei, Sakai Sensei and Masa Abe, Gryon Switzerland 1st-3rd May 2004

 


*Tachi (太刀) is a Japanese sword, which has a strongly curved blade and is longer than a katana. It was used on the battlefield before katana was, so it is considered to be older. The word Tachi translates as "the soul of bushi" (soul of samurai).


*Yari (槍) is the term for one of the traditionally made Japanese blades (nihonto) in the form of a spear, or more specifically, the straight-headed spear.


 

Koryu Dai San; Tori techniques; by Name

Suwari-waza (Section A - Kneeling Techniques)
1. Oshi-taoshi
2. Gyaku-gamae-ate
3. Kote-gaeshi
4. Ryote-mochi-sukui-nage
5. Tentai-kote-hineri
6. Shiho-nage
7. Gedan-ate
8. Hiji-kime

Tachi-waza (Section B - Standing Techniques)
1. Kote-mawashi
2. Uchi-tenkai-nage
3. Gyaku-gamae-ate
4. Hiji-kime
5. Mae-otoshi
6. Ushiro-waza-mae-otoshi
7. Ushiro-waza-tentai-kote-hineri
8. Mune-tori-kata-gatame

Tanto-dori (Section C - Standing Techniques, hand against Knife)
1. Ushiro-ate
2. Gyaku-gamae-ate
3. Tentai-oshi-taoshi
4. Ushiro-ate
5. Ude-gatame
6. Kote-gaeshi
7. Tentai-kote-hineri
8. Shomen-giri-gendan-ate

Tachi-dori (Section D - Standing Techniques, hand against sword )
1. Mae-otoshi
2. Shiho-nage
3. Ai-gamae-ate
4. Oshi-otoshi
5. Hiji-kujiki

Jo-no-bu Jo-dori (Section E - Standing Techniques, hand against Jo)
1. Gyaku-gamae-ate
2. Shomen-ate
3. Hishigi
4. Renraku-waza-hiji-hishigi
5. Irimi-mae-otoshi

Jo-no-bu Jo-no-tsukai-kata (Section F - Standing Techniques, Jo against hand)
1. Migi-sumi-otoshi
2. Migi-sumi-gori-hidari-sumi-otoshi
3. Tekube-kime-(gori)-shomen-tsuki
4. Mae-otoshi
5. Shiho-nage
6. Shiho-nage-gyaku-kaiten-nage
7. Ude-kujiki
8. Kokyu-nage

Tachi-tai-tachi (Section G - Standing Techniques, Sword against Sword)
1. Ai-uchi-men
2. Hidari-men
3. Migi-men
4. Tsuki
5. Do
6. Kote-nuki-kote
7. Kaeshi-men
8. Hasso-waki-gamae

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